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Year: 1990

Classification: G

Runtime: 17 min

Produced In: Australia

Directed By: Tracey Moffatt

Produced By: Penny McDonald

Language: English

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In basic narrative terms, NIGHT CRIES is a response to Charles Chauvel's JEDDA (1955), about the fate of an Aboriginal baby adopted by a white mother in a remote outback station. In NIGHT CRIES, we leap forward to the white mother's last hours, cared for, fed and washed, by the Aboriginal woman she had adopted and raised as her own. It is a profoundly tragic story, expressing the isolation of the Aboriginal carer, her separation from anyone else's world, neither able to live fully as white or black.

In Moffatt's hands, working with art director, Stephen Curtis, the personal tragedy is expressed with visual metaphors of extraordinary power. The story is staged entirely in a studio: the distant hills and the red desert are defiantly and gloriously artificial, studied and constructed. Even memories of a rocky headland with waves crashing below, are staged indoors using blatantly artificial rear-projection. It's a bold and brilliant visual concept, which Moffatt and Curtis went on to develop in her first and only feature film, BEDEVIL (1993), also available from Ronin Films.

The soundtrack too is equally bold, a non-naturalistic composite of animal shrieks and heightened "natural" sounds deriving from the action on-screen, juxtaposed with Jimmy Little singing "Royal Telephone".

The power of the film is that through the creation of its own hermetic world, it expresses a wealth of emotions and meanings about Indigenous history, alienation and suffering. And laced through it all, enriching every frame, is Moffatt's awareness of cinema history, beginning with a quotation from PICNIC (1955), to JEDDA and beyond. From this history, Moffatt draws a unique personal vocabulary with which she cuts deep into the crisis of Indigenous identity.

'Moffatt draws together the elements of autobiographical material with a razor-sharp insight into issues of contemporary history with a vibrant sense of the cinematic.' - Anne Rutherford, Artlink.

'A breathtaking, visual film . . . It attacks and disturbs with its blunt political advocacy and touches emotionally in its gentler moments on faltering human relationships. It is proof of a new Australian filmmaking sensibility at work.' - Scott Murray, Cinema Papers.

Cast: Marcia Langton (daughter), Agnes Hardwick (old Mother), Jimmy Little (singer)

Written and directed by Tracey Moffatt
Produced by Penny McDonald
Cinematographer – John Whitteron
Art Director – Stephen Curtis
Editor – Phillipa Harvey

Produced with generous support from the Australian Film Television and Radio School, and the Department of Aboriginal Affairs.
Produced with the assistance of the Australian Film Commission