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Classification: Exempt - Ronin Recommends: G
Runtime: 52 min
Produced In: Australia
Directed By: Darlene Johnson
Produced By: Tom Zubrycki
Language: English + English subtitles
The removal of Aboriginal children in Australia was a deliberate government policy and forms part of the history of dispossession of the country's original inhabitants. Every Aboriginal family in Australia has directly or indirectly been affected and the effects have lasted over generations. Many have called this genocide.
Between 1910 and 1970 in Australia, 1 in 3 children were removed from Aboriginal families and placed in institutions and foster homes. These children, in most cases, were never to see their family again.
The film tells 3 stories of Aboriginal people who were removed:
- a singer/songwriter, recalls the traumatic experience of being placed in a mission dormitory at the age of 4. He describes the experience of 'shrinking' emotionally. Bobby spent 9 years searching for his mother and eventually found out she had died soon after he was taken.
- a mother of four, remembers at the age of 5 being enticed into the back seat of a large black car. She thought she was going off for a holiday, waved to her mother but all she could see were tears in her eyes. Cleonie spent the next 12 years in foster families where she experienced sexual abuse. Her mother later died an alcoholic. Cleonie's story is one of courage and survival.
- a Kimberley woman, was separated from her half-sister May fifty years ago. Daisy was removed to a cattle station where she worked as a domestic, and later to a mission where she eventually married, while May grew up in the bush with her parents. The two sisters re-unite in the film recalling and comparing their experiences.
The stories are combined with interviews with two well-known Australian historians Marcia Langton and Henry Reynolds who describe the racist assumptions behind these policies. Removing children was a deliberate government policy and the end aimed for was the eventual disappearance of Aborigines as a people. Illustrated with striking archive footage and a first person narration by Aboriginal director Darlene Johnson.
The film ends with the contemporary debate in Australia - how the current Prime Minister John Howard, while recognising past wrongs and expressing his 'regret', refuses to make an official apology and say 'sorry' on behalf of the Australian nation.
WINNER!!! Golden Gate Award in the film and video history category - San Francisco International Film Festival.
Written and directed by Darlene Johnson
Produced by Tom Zubrycki
Editor – Emma Hay
Photography – Ian Pugsley, Robert Humphreys, Paul Warren
Original music – Lou Bennett, Tim Prince
Line Producer – Sally Browning
Follow this link to view clips from Australian Screen: australianscreen.com.au/titles/stolen-generations/
- preview Click here to download the STOLEN GENERATIONS Study Guide (PDF 179.0 kb)